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What Medications Can Cause Burning Mouth Syndrome?

Find out how patients are finding relief from oral mucositis caused by chemotherapy

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What Medications Can Cause Burning Mouth Syndrome?

Once a person develops the symptoms of burning mouth syndrome, or BMS – a condition every bit as unpleasant as it sounds – the first thing their doctor will probably want to do is find out what’s causing their discomfort. Unfortunately, certain aspects of BMS can make it difficult or even impossible to figure out the cause in some cases.

In other cases, however, testing can be used successfully to find the reason for the patient’s symptoms. The possible causes of BMS are many and varied, so the testing could be extensive and may require examining everything from the patient’s blood and saliva to psychology and medication.

If you suspect that you or someone you know may have BMS, you might be wondering, “What medications can cause burning mouth syndrome?” To find out, keep readings as the people at Chemo Mouthpiece™ explore this topic.

How to Know If You Have Burning Mouth Syndrome

After biting into a too-hot slice of pizza or gulping down a mouthful of tea that hasn’t had the chance to cool down, you’ll probably feel a burning or scalding sensation on your tongue, around your mouth, and down your throat; this does not mean that you have BMS.

Those with the condition known as burning mouth syndrome (or glossopyrosis, if you’re feeling scientific) have to contend with burning, scalding, or tingling sensations in their mouths every day, often for months or years at a time.

For some patients, these feelings come and go throughout the day, while others report steady discomfort or pain that gradually ramps up as the day goes on. Fortunately, there is commonly a cessation of discomfort when patients eat or drink, though this may not last long. A patient with BMS may also experience dry mouth (xerostomia), feelings of extreme thirst, a loss of the ability to taste, or a constant bitter or metallic taste.

In addition to the lingering nature of its symptoms, another defining trait of BMS is the lack of visible injury or abnormality at the affected site. Those with burning mouth syndrome rarely have any obvious physical changes to the affected tissues, which only makes it more difficult to spot. If you have fleeting pain caused by a burn, you probably don’t have burning mouth syndrome; this ailment lasts far longer and typically has no clear cause, at least at first (Source).

Can Medications Cause Burning Mouth Syndrome?

Because individual reactions to prescription drugs can vary widely, it’s rarely a good idea to generalize about what medications cause reactions. However, there is one specific class of medication that has been linked to burning mouth syndrome: high blood pressure medications, including ACE inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers like eprosartan, enalapril, and lisinopril (Source).

The mechanisms by which hypertension medications cause BMS symptoms are somewhat unclear, but it’s theorized that the compounds bradykinin and kallikrein, both of which are linked to inflammation, may play roles (Source). In addition, there have been some reports that certain retroviral medications – namely nevirapine and efavirenz – may lead to BMS as well.

Other Common Causes of Burning Mouth Syndrome

While there are still plenty of things we don’t know about burning mouth syndrome, a number of different ailments have been identified as possible causes for the symptoms of BMS. The following are some of the most common causes of BMS symptoms:

Nutritional Deficiencies

A lack of certain key vitamins and minerals could cause burning mouth syndrome in some patients, especially if a person doesn’t have enough iron, zinc, vitamin B-1 (thiamin), vitamin B-2 (riboflavin), vitamin B-6 (pyridoxine), vitamin B-9 (folate), or vitamin B-12 (cobalamin).

Dry Mouth

Severe dry mouth, also known as Xerostomia, can cause a number of problems for a person, including an increased risk of sores and infections or an accelerated rate of tooth decay or gum disease. Whether it’s caused by medications, health issues, or as a side effect of chemotherapy, dry mouth may also be the cause of your burning mouth syndrome.

Acid Reflux

Given that we’re talking about acid, it’s probably obvious how gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), more commonly called simply “acid reflux,” could cause burning mouth. If acid from the stomach travels up the esophagus as high as the mouth or throat, it could lead to BMS.

Allergic Reactions

If you frequently eat a certain food to which you are sensitive or allergic, or which contains some additive that your body can’t process properly, it could lead to BMS. This may also apply to those allergic to the substances used in dental work.

Oral Conditions

If you have a lingering bacterial or viral infection in your mouth, it could be causing your BMS symptoms. Some oral conditions linked to burning mouth syndrome include something called geographic tongue, in which the surface of the tongue takes on a map-like appearance, and oral lichen planus, an inflammatory disease.

Endocrine Diseases

The levels of hormones in our bodies can greatly affect every system, including our salivary glands. If you suffer from an endocrine disorder, such as hypothyroidism or diabetes, it could lead to the development of burning mouth syndrome.

Natural, Drug-Free Home Remedy for Burning Mouth Syndrome

It may have been originally intended as a treatment for chemo-induced oral mucositis, but the Chemo Mouthpiece™ can be equally effective at helping with the discomfort caused by burning mouth syndrome.

Simply store this simple, easy-to-use oral cryotherapy device in your home freezer, then use it to cool your mouth, soothing and numbing BMS-related pain.

To learn more about the Chemo Mouthpiece™, visit us online or call (866) 461-7518 today.

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